There are two methods of sterilization, one for women and one for men.

Women:  Tubal Ligation, also known as, “getting your tubes tied,” is a permanent surgical procedure in which the fallopian tubes are cut and sealed, preventing eggs from travelling from the ovaries to the uterus, where fertilization usually occurs.

Men: A Vasectomy is a permanent (although sometimes reversible) surgical procedure in which the vas deferens are cut and sealed, preventing sperm from leaving the testicles and joining the rest of the ejaculate that exits the urethra.

  • Effectiveness

    Female Sterilization > 99% Effective
    Male Sterilization > 99% Effective

  • Potential Side Effects

    May experience pain or slight bleeding after either procedure

  • STI Prevention

    Neither protect against STIs. Remember to use a barrier method too, like a condom to protect yourself.

  • Hormone Free

    No hormones involved in male or female sterilization

  • Accessibility

    Requires a doctor because sterilization is surgery.

  • Cost

    Both procedures are covered in BC by Medical Services Plan (MSP).

  • Health Benefits

    Female sterilization protects against ovarian cancer and possibly pelvic inflammatory disease.